Persepolis in 336 BC with 50,000 citizens.
Persepolis was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid (Persian) Empire.
It was Cyrus the Great who chose the site of Persepolis, but that it was Darius I who built the terrace and the palaces. Was the residence of the rulers of the empire, however, a remote place in a difficult alpine region was far from convenient. The country’s true capitals were Susa, Babylon and Ecbatana. This accounts for the fact that the Greeks were not acquainted with the city until Alexander the Great took and plundered it.
After entering or rather, invading Achaemenid Persia in 330 BC, Alexander the Great sent the main force of his army to Persepolis by the Royal Road. He stormed the “Persian Gates”, a pass through the modern Zagros Mountains, and quickly captured Persepolis before its treasury could be looted. After several months, Alexander allowed his troops to loot Persepolis.
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